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Brickell Bush
Brickellia californica
  
About Brickell Bush (Brickellia californica) 15 Nurseries Carry This Plant A species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family known by the common name California Brickellbush. It is native to western North America from Baja California to Idaho to Oklahoma. It is a common plant in many habitat types, especially in dry areas, somewhat more common in the southern coastal part of the state. One of the best smelling California native plants. Although not particularly beautiful, it has an amazing fragrance that comes out in the summer months when it is in bloom, and the fragrance can carry a considerable distance. This is a thickly branching shrub growing one half to two meters in height. The fuzzy, hairy leaves are roughly triangular in shape with toothed to serrated edges. The leaves are 1 to 6 centimeters long. Although it is in the Sunflower family, the inconspicuous flowers look nothing like sunflower, being very small and rayless. The flower clusters at the end of stem branches contain many small leaves and bunches of narrow, cylindrical flower heads. Each head is about 13 millimeters long and wrapped in flat, wide, purplish green overlapping phyllaries. At the tip of the head are a number of long white to pink disc florets. The fruit is a hairy cylindrical achene 3 millimeters long with a pappus of bristles. In the garden it is best used in a location where its fragrance can be appreciated but its lack of showiness will not detract (see companion plants below).
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Size
Size
1.6 - 7 ft tall
2 - 7 ft wide

Form
Form
Mounding, Spreading

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Moderate

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Fragrance
Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Flower Color
Flower Color
Cream, White, Yellow

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Summer, Fall

Wildlife Supported
 


 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed , 1 likely * ) SHOW ALL
Schinia buta Image
Schinia butaSchinia buta
*
Schinia oleagina Image
Schinia oleaginaSchinia oleagina

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade, Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 2x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to -15° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerant of sandy or clay soil, often in rocky soil. Soil PH: 5.0 - 8.0

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Use with more showy shrubs such as Manzanita (Arctostaphylos sp.), Ceanothus sp., Gooseberry (Ribes sp.), Matilija Poppy (Romneya coulteri), Flannelbush (Fremontodendron sp.), or trees such as oaks (Quercus sp.) or Pines (Pinus sp.).

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: No treatment. Germination may be poor.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
1, 2, 3, 7*, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14*, 15*, 16*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
In southern California it is found in relatively dry areas such as slopes, canyons, and foothills. In central to northern California it inhabits somewhat more mesic areas such as meadows and openings in forest or woodland

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 4.9" - 84.6", Summer Precipitation: 0.13" - 3.53", Coldest Month: 24.8" - 57.2", Hottest Month: 51.5" - 83.1", Humidity: 0.27" - 34.66", Elevation: -146" - 8729"

Alternative Names
Common Names: California Brickelbush, California Brickellbush, California Brickellia


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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