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Canary Violet
Viola praemorsa
  
About Canary Violet (Viola praemorsa) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Viola praemorsa is a species of violet known by the common names canary violet, Astoria violet, and yellow montane violet. Viola praemorsa is native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta in Canada; to Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, California, Nevada, and Colorado in the U. S. It occurs on mountain slopes, usually where forests or grassy meadows are present, in moist or dry soil. In California, it often occurs in yellow-pine forests. This rhizomatous perennial herb grows up to 30 centimeters in maximum height. The thick, fleshy leaf blades are lance-shaped to oval with pointed or rounded tips, the basal ones up to 8. 5 centimeters long and those higher on the stem the same or slightly longer. The leaf blades are often coated densely in hairs and are borne on long petioles. A solitary flower is borne on a long, upright stem. It has five yellow petals, the lowest three veined with brownish purple, and the upper two often with brownish purple coloring on the outer surfaces. Distribution and habitat. Viola praemorsa is native to western North America from British Columbia and Alberta in Canada; to Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Utah, California, Nevada, and Colorado in the U. S. It occurs on mountain slopes, usually where forests or grassy meadows are present, in moist or dry soil. In California, it often occurs in yellow-pine forests.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Size
Size
1 ft tall

Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow, Purple, Brown

Wildlife Supported
 


Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Dry places under shrubs, rocks

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 12.6" - 137.9", Summer Precipitation: 0.59" - 4.01", Coldest Month: 26.2" - 45.4", Hottest Month: 50.8" - 71.0", Humidity: 0.43" - 20.73", Elevation: 326" - 8502"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Astoria Violet, Yellow Montane Violet


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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