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Johnny Jump Up
Viola pedunculata

About Johnny Jump Up (Viola pedunculata) The Yellow Pansy (Viola pedunculata) is a common and attractive wildflower of coastal regions of California and Baja California. It is also known as the California Golden Violet, or as the Johnny Jump Up, though the latter name is more usually associated with the introduced Heartsease, Viola tricolor. The Yellow Pansy grows on open, grassy slopes, chaparral, and in oak woodlands, from sea level to around 1000 meters. It is a perennial, growing from a spongy rhizome. The leaves are 1-5.5 centimeter, heart-shaped (heart-shaped) to deltate-ovate (oblong-triangular), scalloped or toothed, and smooth or hairy. The plant is often low-growing, but can reach heights of up to 40 centimeter. The flowers appear in March and April, and are always yellow. They are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects. Dried in air, the seeds weigh about 4mg each.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
1.3 ft (0.4 m)


The leaves are 1-5.5 centimeter, heart-shaped (heart-shaped) to deltate-ovate (oblong-triangular), scalloped or toothed, and smooth or hairy.

Flower Color

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Open grassy slopes, swampy, shrubby places

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
7' - 7635'

Annual Precip. ?
5.0" - 61.3"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 2.43"

Coldest Month ?
36.0° F - 57.4° F

Hottest Month ?
58.4° F - 80.9° F

Humidity ?
0.44 vpd - 33.81 vpd

Soil Description
Likes rich soil and no water in summer

Soil PH
4.8 - 7.9

Medium, Slow

Sunset Zones ?
5, 7*, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

Wildlife Attracted
Butterflies: Variegated Fritillary, Unsilvered Fritillary, Atlantis Fritillary, Callippe Fritillary, Coronis Fritillary, Great Basin Fritillary, Hydaspe Fritillary, Mormon Fritillary, Zerene Fritillary

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Butterfly Gardens

Other Names
Botanical Names
Viola pedunculata ssp. pedunculata,Viola pedunculata ssp. tenuifolia

Common Names
California Golden Violet, Johnny Jump-up, Johnny-jump-up

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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