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White False Hellebore
Veratrum viride
  
About White False Hellebore (Veratrum viride) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Veratrum viride (Indian Poke, Indian Hellebore, False Hellebore, Green False Hellebore) is a species of Veratrum native to eastern and western (but not central) North America. It is extremely toxic, and is considered a pest plant by farmers with livestock. The species has acquired a large number of common names within its native range, including American False Hellebore, American White Hellebore, Bear Corn, Big Hellebore, Corn Lily, Devils Bite, Duck Retten, Indian Hellebore, Itch-weed, Itchweed, Poor Annie, Blue Hellebore, and Tickleweed. It is a herbaceous perennial plant reaching 0.7-2 meter tall, with a solid green stem. The leaves are spirally arranged, 10-35 centimeter long and 5-20 centimeter broad, elliptic to broad lance-shaped ending in a short point, heavily ribbed and hairy on the underside. The flowers are numerous, produced in a large branched flower cluster 30-70 centimeter tall; each flower is 5-12 millimeter long, with six green to yellow-green petals. The fruit is a capsule 1.5-3 centimeter long, which splits into three sections at maturity to release the numerous flat 8-10 millimeter diameter seeds. The plant reproduces through rhizome growth as well as seeds.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Size
Size
2.3 - 6.6 ft tall

Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow, Green

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Streambanks, moist meadows, edges

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 69.7" - 158.0", Summer Precipitation: 1.88" - 5.78", Coldest Month: 35.8" - 41.0", Hottest Month: 53.4" - 59.8", Humidity: 2.25" - 12.93", Elevation: 4600" - 7068"

Alternative Names
Common Names: American False Hellebore, Green False Hellebore


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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