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Broadleaf Cattail Back to Plant Page
Typha latifolia

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About Broadleaf Cattail (Typha latifolia) Broadleaf Cattail (Typha latifolia) is a common native perennial herb that grows in northern, southern and central California. It is fast growing and moderately long-lived. It grows in an upright form to a height of 5 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. Flowers are brown and bloom in the late spring. Leaves are medium green and deciduous. It tends to grow in marshes, at elevations from 0-5000 feet.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
1 - 5 ft (0.3 - 1.5 m)


Growth Rate

Winter Deciduous

Flower Color

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type


Elevation ?
-36' - 12592'

Annual Precip. ?
5.1" - 50.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.16" - 2.52"

Coldest Month ?
22.0° F - 58.6° F

Hottest Month ?
40.0° F - 87.2° F

Humidity ?
0.07 vpd - 37.90 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils as long as it is kept constantly wet

Fast, Standing

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 2 mos. stratification ( Emery and Frey 1971).

Common uses
Bogs and Ponds

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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