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California Hedgenettle
Stachys bullata
About California Hedgenettle (Stachys bullata) Nurseries Show All Photos California Hedgenettle (Stachys bullata) is a native perennial herb in the Lamiaceae (Mint) family that is found primarily along the coastal strip from the Bay Area southward. Despite its common name, it does not form a hedge and it does not sting like true nettles. Instead, it is a delicate, attractive flowering plant that performs well in damp, partially shaded areas. It tends to grow in wet, swampy, boggy places, at elevations from sea level to 1,600 feet. It tolerates inundation but is usually fine with merely damp soil. While not drought tolerant, it is a good choice for bioswales, pond margins, and similar areas where a more showy, flowering plant may be desired. It blooms from spring through summer. Like most wetland plants, it spreads to occupy suitable territory but is easily controlled.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
1.3 - 2.6 ft (0.4 - 0.8 m)


Growth Rate


Flower Color

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Fall

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Wet areas such as streambanks, pond margins, springs, bogs, seeps and drainage ditches

Shade, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-192' - 5871'

Annual Precip. ?
7.6" - 78.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 2.43"

Coldest Month ?
32.6° F - 55.8° F

Hottest Month ?
57.8° F - 80.2° F

Humidity ?
0.35 vpd - 26.29 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils as long as adequate water is present

Soil PH
5.5 - 7.5

Slow, Standing

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Sunset Zones ?
5, 7, 8*, 9*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Companion Plants
Use with other plants of wet areas including Willow (Salix sp.), Cottonwood (Populus sp.), Sycamore (Plataunus racemosa), Sedge (Carex sp.), Rush (Juncus sp.), Monkeyflower (Mimulus cardinalis and guttatus), and Stream Orchid (Epipactis gigantea)

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds, butterflies and other insects are attracted to the flowers

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
1/week, Keep moist
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Hummingbird Gardens, Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
California Hedge Nettle, Fivespot, Southern Hedge-nettle, Wood-mint

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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