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Threenerve Goldenrod
Solidago velutina
About Threenerve Goldenrod (Solidago velutina) Nurseries Show All Photos Threenerve Goldenrod (Solidago velutina) is a native perennial herb in the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family that is very widespread in western North America and is found in almost every county in California. Recent taxonomic changes have expanded the scope of S. velutina to include S. californica and S. sparsiflora which were previously considered by many to be distinct species. Some sources may still refer to these as separate species, but they are now formally recognized as subspecies. In the garden this plant may appear somewhat unruly, especially in winter when it is deciduous. It is best used where a wild look is desired. The yellow-gold flowers in late summer are showy and attract a large number of insects, as well as some birds.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.7 - 3 ft (0.21 - 0.9 m)

Growth Rate

Winter Deciduous

Flower Color

Flowering Season
Summer, Fall

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Occurs in a wide variety of settings and habitats including sage scrub, woodland, forest, grassland, and vernally moist areas.

Elevation ?
-1' - 14090'

Annual Precip. ?
4.8" - 93.7"

Summer Precip. ?
0.13" - 3.85"

Coldest Month ?
10.8° F - 59.2° F

Hottest Month ?
34.1° F - 87.5° F

Humidity ?
0.09 vpd - 38.31 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils

Soil PH
5.5 - 7.5


Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 0° F

Companion Plants
Use with a wide variety of native plants, depending on region of the state and garden conditions.

Wildlife Attracted
Solidago velutina is host plant to the Northern Checkerspot butterfly, and a nectar plant for Monarchs and Skippers, as well as many other pollinators.

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Common uses
Groundcovers, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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