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Dwarf Rose
Rosa gymnocarpa
About Dwarf Rose (Rosa gymnocarpa) Nurseries Show All Photos Rosa gymnocarpa is a species of rose native to western North America. It is known by the common names wood rose, baldhip rose, and dwarf rose. It is a shrub growing up to 2 meters in height. Its stem is covered with long, straight spines which may or may not be abundant. The fragrant flowers are flat and open-faced with five petals in most any shade of pink to almost lavender. Its fruit is a red rose hip containing hard tan seeds. This is a shade-tolerant woodlands plant.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
3 - 6.6 ft (0.9 - 2 m)

Max. Width
6 - 9 ft (1.8 - 2.7 m)

Upright, Mounding, Weeping

Fragrant - Pleasant

Growth Rate
Fast, Moderate


Flower Color
Purple, Lavender, Pink, Red

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type

Sun, Part Shade, Full Shade

Elevation ?
7' - 14042'

Annual Precip. ?
11.8" - 153.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 5.92"

Coldest Month ?
11.1° F - 52.7° F

Hottest Month ?
34.4° F - 76.7° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 24.91 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates clay but does best in moist loamy soil

Soil PH
5 - 7


Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to -10° F

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 4, 5*, 6*, 7*, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

Wildlife Attracted
Bees and butterflies

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Seldom Used

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 3 mos. stratification; preceding this by 2-3 mos. warm stratification may improve germination (USDA Forest Service 1974 ).

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Baldhip Rose, Wood Rose

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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