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Huckleberry Oak
Quercus vacciniifolia

About Huckleberry Oak (Quercus vacciniifolia) Huckleberry Oak (Quercus vacciniifolia) is a native shrub that grows in northern, southern and central California. It is slow growing and long-lived. It grows in a semi-upright form to a height of 1.3 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. Flowers are yellow and bloom in the early spring. Leaves are medium green, and remain on the plant throughout the year. It tends to grow in steep slopes and ridges and , at elevations from 3000-10000 feet.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
4 - 5 ft (1.2 - 1.5 m)


Growth Rate

Flower Color
Yellow, Cream, Green

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Steep slopes, ridges,

Part Shade

Elevation ?
35' - 12016'

Annual Precip. ?
11.1" - 158.4"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 5.90"

Coldest Month ?
24.1° F - 54.1° F

Hottest Month ?
45.3° F - 74.6° F

Humidity ?
0.29 vpd - 23.03 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers sandy or loamy soils. Does not grow well in clay soils.

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 14, 15*, 16*, 17, 18

Wildlife Attracted
Many insects are attracted to Oaks generally, including the following butterflies which use Oaks as host plant: California Sister, Propertius Duskywing, Mournful Duskywing, Golden Hairstreak, and Gold-Hunter's Hairstreak.

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds sow in fall outdoors or stratify to hold for spring sowing. (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Hedges, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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