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Fremont Cottonwood
Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii
About Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii) Nurseries Show All Photos Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. It tends to grow in alluvial bottomplands and streamsides, at elevations from 0-6500 feet.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
66 ft (20.1 m)

Flower Color
White, Cream

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Alluvial bottomplands, streamsides


Elevation ?
-190' - 6948'

Annual Precip. ?
2.7" - 75.8"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 2.38"

Coldest Month ?
32.0° F - 62.1° F

Hottest Month ?
58.8° F - 89.3° F

Humidity ?
0.52 vpd - 42.79 vpd

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2*, 3*, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8*, 9*, 10*, 11*, 12*, 13*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment. Use fresh seeds, usually viable only a few days. Seeds should not be covered or pressed into medium; seedbed should be kept saturated for first mo. Easily propagated from stem cuttings.

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Fremont's Cottonwood

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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