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Foothill Pine
Pinus sabiniana
  
About Foothill Pine (Pinus sabiniana) 26 Nurseries Carry This Plant Foothill Pine (Pinus sabiniana) is a native tree that grows in northern, southern and central California. It is slow growing in nature and moderately long-lived. It grows in an upright form to a height of 80 feet, with active growth during the spring and summer. Flowers are yellow and bloom in the early spring. Leaves are medium green, and remain on the plant throughout the year. It tends to grow in places with poor soils, at elevations from 0-4500 feet.

In landscaping applications, with irrigation even once per month, this tree will grow quickly to 40-60 feet. It's fairly lacey form allows plenty of light to come through, so you can plant understory plants below without much problem.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree

Size
Size
20 - 80 ft tall
20 - 40 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright, Pyramidal, Upright Columnar

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast, Slow

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Fragrance
Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Wildlife Supported
 
Great wildlife plant

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 3 confirmed , 92 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade, Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Low, Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to -20 - -10° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Poor soils, serpentine soils. Tolerates Serpentine Soil. Soil PH: 5 - 8

Common uses
Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Hedges, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens

Maintenance
Maintenance
Fine to prune off bottom branches. Prune in winter when wood boring insects are less active.

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: 2-4 mos. stratification; for small lots, cracking seed coats first gives quicker germination ( USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
3, 4*, 5*, 6*, 7*, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
places with poor soils

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 4.3" - 117.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.13" - 3.43", Coldest Month: 33.1" - 55.3", Hottest Month: 55.2" - 83.9", Humidity: 0.49" - 38.96", Elevation: 35" - 8867"

Alternative Names
Common Names: California Foothill Pine, Ghost Pine, Gray Pine


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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