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Bishop Pine
Pinus muricata
  
About Bishop Pine (Pinus muricata) 6 Nurseries Carry This Plant The Bishop Pine (Pinus muricata) is a pine with a very restricted range: mostly California, USA, including some offshore islands, and a few locations in Baja California, Mexico, and always on or near the coast, from Trinidad Head in Humboldt County, California south to San Vicente in Baja California. The mature trees grow to a height of 15-25 meter, rarely up to 34 meter, with a trunk diameter of up to 1.2 meter. The species is often smaller, stunted and twisted in coastal exposures. It is drought-tolerant and grows on dry, rocky soil. P. muricata has been used in plantations with resultant growth rates higher than in the wild, but with adverse impacts to biodiversity. The common name Bishop Pine resulted from the tree having been first identified near the Mission of San Luis Obispo. This tree has a large number of common names and other prior scientific names, due primarily to numerous variant forms. Other English names that have occasionally been used are: Obispo Pine, Santa Cruz Pine, Dwarf Marine Pine, and Pricklecone Pine.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree

Size
Size
35 - 90 ft tall

Form
Form
Pyramidal

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Flower Color
Flower Color
Orange

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring

Wildlife Supported
 


 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 3 confirmed , 72 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun, Part Shade

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils types

Common uses
Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds need no treatment; stored seeds 1 mo. stratification (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
5*, 14, 15*, 16*, 17*, 22, 23, 24*

Natural Setting
Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 10.1" - 66.3", Summer Precipitation: 0.15" - 1.64", Coldest Month: 40.2" - 54.2", Hottest Month: 57.8" - 79.5", Humidity: 0.01" - 26.09", Elevation: 2" - 3256"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Pino Peninsular, Prickle-cone Pine, Santa Cruz Island Pine


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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