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California Canarygrass
Phalaris californica
About California Canarygrass (Phalaris californica) 3 Nurseries Carry This Plant Phalaris californica is an uncommon species of grass known by the common name California canarygrass. It is native to the coastal hills and mountains of southern Oregon and northern and central California, where it grows mainly in moist areas, such as meadows. It is a perennial grass reaching maximum heights between one half and 1.5 meters. The flower cluster is up to 5 centimeters long and 3 wide, roughly oval, pointed at the tip and truncated at the base. The spikelets are hairy and as they ripen they turn shades of magenta to bright pink.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type

1.6 - 5 ft tall

Flower Color
Flower Color

Wildlife Supported

Butterflies & moths hosted ( 2 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Shade, Part Shade


Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
4*, 5*, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Moist places, meadows

Annual Precipitation: 11.8" - 94.3", Summer Precipitation: 0.20" - 2.96", Coldest Month: 43.3" - 51.0", Hottest Month: 58.8" - 74.3", Humidity: 0.01" - 22.72", Elevation: 10" - 2822"

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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