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Cleftleaf Wildheliotrope
Phacelia crenulata
About Cleftleaf Wildheliotrope (Phacelia crenulata) Nurseries Show All Photos Phacelia crenulata is a species of phacelia native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Its common names include notch-leaved phacelia and cleftleaf wild heliotrope. It is an annual plant growing 7-60 centimeter tall, with crenate to deeply lobed leaves up to 8 to 12 centimeters in length. The flowers are violet to blue-purple in color and up to one centimeter long.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb

Max. Height
0.23 - 2 ft (0.07 - 0.6 m)

Flower Color
Purple, Blue

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Sandy gravelly washes, slopes


Elevation ?
-274' - 10042'

Annual Precip. ?
1.8" - 22.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.26" - 4.21"

Coldest Month ?
26.0° F - 64.3° F

Hottest Month ?
49.5° F - 90.4° F

Humidity ?
2.32 vpd - 48.67 vpd


Butterflies ?

Annaphila ida Image
Annaphila idaAnnaphila ida
Ethmia brevistriga Image
Ethmia brevistrigaEthmia brevistriga

Landscaping Information
Common uses
Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Cleftleaf Wild Heliotrope, Heliotrope Phacelia, Notch-leaved Phacelia

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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