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Small Flowered Penstemon
Penstemon procerus
  
About Small Flowered Penstemon (Penstemon procerus) Nurseries Show All Photos Penstemon procerus is a species of penstemon known by the common name littleflower penstemon. It is native to western North America from Alaska to California to Colorado, as far east in Canada as Manitoba, where it grows in mountain habitat such as meadows, often in alpine climates. It is a perennial herb forming mats of herbage with some erect stems reaching about 40 centimeters in maximum height. There are several varieties which vary in morphology, some more decumbent than others, several which are known commonly as pincushion penstemons for their matted forms. In general, the leaves are lance-shaped to oval, plentiful around the base of the plant with smaller ones arranged in opposite pairs along the stem. The flower cluster is made up of one or more clusters of tubular flowers with lipped, lobed mouths. Each flower is no more than one centimeter in length and is purple to blue in color, often with a white throat. The outside of the flower is generally hairless, while the inside may be lined with white or yellowish hairs.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.16 - 1.3 ft (0.05 - 0.4 m)

Leaves
Lance-shaped to oval, plentiful around the base of the plant with smaller ones arranged in opposite pairs along the stem

Flower Color
Purple

Flowering Season
Summer
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
meadows

Sun
Part Shade

Elevation ?
2802' - 12231'

Annual Precip. ?
17.9" - 156.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.84" - 5.90"

Coldest Month ?
21.5° F - 46.2° F

Hottest Month ?
40.0° F - 70.3° F

Humidity ?
1.30 vpd - 20.13 vpd

Soil Description
Succeeds in ordinary rich garden soils so long as they are well-drained

Soil Texture
Clay, Clay Loam, Loam, Loamy Sand, Sand, Sandy Clay, Sandy Clay Loam, Sandy Loam

Soil PH
5 - 5.8

Drainage
Medium

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds; Native bees; Bumble bees; Butterflies: Chalcedon Checkerspot, Common Buckeye, Arachne Checkerspot

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Littleflower Penstemon



Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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