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Cleveland's Tobacco
Nicotiana clevelandii

About Cleveland's Tobacco (Nicotiana clevelandii) Nicotiana clevelandii is a species of wild tobacco known by the common name Cleveland's tobacco. It is native to northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States in California and Arizona, where it grows in the Sonoran Desert, Colorado Desert, and in chaparral of the coastal canyons of the Peninsular Ranges and the Channel Islands of California. Nicotiana clevelandii is a glandular and sparsely hairy annual herb producing a slender stem up to about 60 centimetres (24 in) in maximum height. The leaf blades may be 18 centimetres (7. 1 in) long, the lower ones borne on petioles. The inflorescence bears white or green-tinged flowers with tubular throats around 2 centimeters long, their bases enclosed in pointed sepals which are unequal in length. The flower face is about a centimeter wide with five mostly white lobes. The fruit is a capsule about half a centimeter long. Uses. This plant was used for a variety of medicinal purposes and smoked in rituals by the Cahuilla.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb

Max. Height
2 ft (0.6 m)

Flower Color
White, Green

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
-126' - 2935'

Annual Precip. ?
3.0" - 25.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 1.28"

Coldest Month ?
42.6° F - 60.2° F

Hottest Month ?
64.6° F - 89.1° F

Humidity ?
1.03 vpd - 40.41 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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