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Baby Blue Eyes
Nemophila menziesii
About Baby Blue Eyes (Nemophila menziesii) Nurseries Show All Photos Baby Blue Eyes, Nemophila menziesii, is a common annual herb of California, Oregon, and Baja California, and a popular garden plant. It is a spring-blooming wildflower that gets its name from the bright blue flowers of two of the three varieties that are recognized. One variety, var. atomaria, is found in the north coast and has almost pure white flowers. It can occasionally be found outside its native range as an introduced species, in Alaska, for example. Baby Blue Eyes grows virtually throughout California at heights from sea level up to almost 6500 feet (2000 meters) in many types of habitat. It is easy to grow from seed along with other annuals in a wildflower meadow or in openings between trees and shrubs.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb

Max. Height
6 in (15.2 cm)

Max. Width
.5 ft (0.2 m)

Flower Color

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Meadows, grassy places and canyons

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
3' - 10144'

Annual Precip. ?
4.6" - 113.7"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 3.21"

Coldest Month ?
27.1° F - 56.6° F

Hottest Month ?
48.3° F - 84.2° F

Humidity ?
0.29 vpd - 37.04 vpd

Soil Description
Sandy to loamy

Soil PH
6.0 - 8.0

Fast, Medium

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 5° F

Companion Plants
Use with other wildflowers such as California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Clarkia sp., and Sidalcea sp., with geophytes such as Brodiaea sp., Mariposa Lily (Calochortus sp.), and Blue Dicks (Dichelostemma capitatum), and with succulents such as Dudleya sp. and various cactus species

Wildlife Attracted
Numerous insects including butterflies are attracted to the flowers

Butterflies ?

Viridiseptis marina Image
Viridiseptis marinaViridiseptis marina
Stamnodes albiapicata Image
Stamnodes albiapicataStamnodes albiapicata
Annaphila depicta Image
Annaphila depictaAnnaphila depicta

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Very Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Propagation ?
By seed.  For propagating by seed: If sown outdoors in late fall, no treatment may give good results. Germinate at 59°F ( Association of Official Seed Analysts 1981; or at cool temperature (less than 70°F) and in darkness first 3 days (Chen 1968; Cruden 1974).

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Baby Blue-eyes

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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