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Coyote Mint
Monardella villosa
  


About Coyote Mint (Monardella villosa) Monardella villosa is a subshrub in the Lamiaceae (Mint) family known by the common name Coyote Mint. This is a perennial herb that forms a small bush or matted tangle of hairy mint-scented foliage. The fragrance is one of the best features of this plant. It grows in chaparral, coastal sage scrub, and various forest/woodland habitats. It produces rounded flower clusters of small, thready, bright lavender or pink flowers that are attractive to butterflies. This plant was used by Native American groups as a remedy for stomach upset, respiratory conditions, and sore throat. It may also be steeped into a mint tea.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
2 ft (0.6 m)

Max. Width
3 ft (0.9 m)

Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Growth Rate
Moderate

Dormancy
Evergreen, Summer Semi-Deciduous

Leaves
Grey-green or blue-green, crinkly, fragrant

Flower Color
Pink, Lavender

Flowering Season
Summer
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Rocky slopes, temporary drainages, openings in chaparral or woodlands

Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-40' - 9431'

Annual Precip. ?
7.0" - 81.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 2.21"

Coldest Month ?
26.4° F - 53.4° F

Hottest Month ?
51.3° F - 82.9° F

Humidity ?
0.08 vpd - 34.31 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.0

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Serpentine Soil

Drainage
Medium

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Companion Plants
Use along paths or in front of larger shrubs where their fragrance can be appreciated and butterflies can be observed. Use with other low growing perennials, annuals, native grasses, or succulents including: Chinese Houses (Colllinsia heterophylla), Monkeyflower (Mimulus sp.), Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium bellum), Yellow-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium californicum), groundcover Manzanitas (Arctostaphylos sp.), low-growing Buckwheats (Eriogonum grande var. rubescens or umbellatum), California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), and Dudleya sp.

Wildlife Attracted
Primarily butterflies for nectar

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Very Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
2x/month
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Botanical Names
Monardella antonina



Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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