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Spring Madia
Madia elegans
  
About Spring Madia (Madia elegans) 5 Nurseries Carry This Plant Spring Madia (Madia elegans) is a native annual herb in the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family that is widespread throughout much of California and northern Baja, excluding the deserts. It tends to grow in open, grassy places, at elevations from sea level to 3,300 feet. The stems and leaves are hairy, exuding a pleasantly aromatic oil which led to the common name Tarweed. The typical composite flowers are variable and consist of yellow ray flowers, sometimes with reddish to burgundy base. The ray flowers curl up during the daytime. The disc flowers can be yellow or darker. The fairly long summer bloom time makes it important for pollinators. The seed is an achene which is edible and was eaten by native people.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Annual herb

Size
Size
0.5 - 1 ft tall
.2 -.3 ft wide

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Fragrance
Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Flower Color
Flower Color
Yellow, Red

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Summer, Fall

Wildlife Supported
 
The flowers are attractive to numerous insects including bees and butterflies.

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 3 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun, Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to -10° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Adaptable. Soil PH: 5.5 - 7.8

Common uses
Common uses
Bee Gardens

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Compatible with virtually any native trees, shrubs, and herbs

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
5, 6, 7*, 8*, 9*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Meadows, openings in woodlands or chaparral, other open, grassy places

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 6.7" - 133.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 3.85", Coldest Month: 19.9" - 54.1", Hottest Month: 43.8" - 79.3", Humidity: 0.09" - 27.93", Elevation: 15" - 12014"

Alternative Names
Botanical Names: Madia elegans ssp. vernalis,Madia elegans ssp. elegans,Madia elegans ssp. wheeleri,Madia elegans ssp. densifolia
Common Names: Spring Common Madia, Tarweed


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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