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Island Ironwood
Lyonothamnus floribundus
  
About Island Ironwood (Lyonothamnus floribundus) 19 Nurseries Carry This Plant Island Ironwood (Lyonothamnus floribundus) is a native tree that grows in Southern and Central California, primarily in the Channel Islands region. It tends to grow in rocky slopes, at elevations from 100-1600 feet. Lyonothamnus is endemic to the Channel Islands of California, where it grows in the chaparral and oak woodlands of the rocky coastal canyons.

This is a tree growing up to 15 metres (49 ft) tall with peeling reddish gray or brown bark. The evergreen leaves are shiny, dark green with lighter undersides, and borne on short petioles. The two subspecies have leaves of different leaf shapes. Ssp. asplenifolius (Santa Cruz Island Ironwood) has incised, fern-like leaves and is the more commonly available in horticultural form. Ssp. floribundus (Catalina Island Ironwood) has smooth, undivided leaves and is seldom seen in gardens. The inflorescence of both is a cluster of woolly white flowers with many short, whiskery stamens. The fruit is a pair of hard follicles.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Tree

Size
Size
25 - 50 ft tall
15 - 24 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright Columnar

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Fragrance
Fragrance
None

Flower Color
Flower Color
Cream, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Summer

Wildlife Supported
 
Numerous birds and insects are attracted to the flowers

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 22° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
This tree is tolerant of a variety of garden soils as long as drainage is reasonably good. Soil PH: 5.0 - 8.0

Common uses
Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Hedges

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: Place seeds in about 6 times their volume of 140°F wa ter then let cool about 45 mins. before sowing ( Maunsell Van Rensselaer correspondence to Howard McMinn 1947). No treatment. gives fair germination.

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Rocky slopes

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 4.0" - 90.9", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 4.24", Coldest Month: 8.7" - 58.5", Hottest Month: 32.5" - 87.4", Humidity: 1.19" - 38.76", Elevation: -480" - 13935"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Catalina Ironwood


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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