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Longleaf Bush Lupine
Lupinus longifolius
About Longleaf Bush Lupine (Lupinus longifolius) Nurseries Show All Photos Lupinus longifolius is a species of lupine known by the common name longleaf bush lupine. It is native to the coastal mountain ranges and hillsides of southern California and Baja California, where it grows in local habitat in the canyons and slopes, such as scrub and chaparral. This is a bushy, erect shrub which can reach a maximum height around 1.5 meters. Each palmate leaf is divided into 5 to 10 leaflets up to 6 centimeters long. The herbage is green or gray-green and coated in short, silvery hairs. The flower cluster is long, narrow raceme of many flowers each between 1 and 2 centimeters in length. The flower is purple or blue, sometimes with a whitish patch on its banner. The fruit is a dark-colored, hairy legume pod containing 6 to 8 seeds.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
1.6 - 4.9 ft (0.49 - 1.5 m)

Flower Color
Purple, Blue

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
7' - 7727'

Annual Precip. ?
3.5" - 46.5"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 2.63"

Coldest Month ?
34.1° F - 59.4° F

Hottest Month ?
58.9° F - 88.1° F

Humidity ?
1.09 vpd - 39.05 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers rocky, well drained soil


Sunset Zones ?
14*, 15, 16, 17

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: Fresh seeds need no treatment. Stored seeds scarification or hot water.

Common uses
Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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