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Lupinus albifrons

About Silver Lupine (Lupinus albifrons) Silver lupine, white-leaf bush lupine, or evergreen lupine, is a perennial species native to California, Oregon, and northern Baja. It grows along the coast, foothills of the Sierras and into the mountains, in dry and open meadows, prairies and forest clearings. It is a member of several plant communities, including coastal sage scrub, chaparral, northern coastal scrub, foothill woodland, and yellow pine forest. It is a perennial shrub, taking up about 2 feet of space and reaching 5 feet. It has a light blue to violet flower on 3-12 inch (7.6-30 centimeter) stalks. The leaves are silver with a feathery texture. There are four recognized varieties in California that are found in different parts of the state and having some differences in habit and requirements.

It prefers full sun with good drainage and likes sandy or rocky soils that are dry, but will tolerate some moisture. If conditions are right it will be long-lived.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
3.2 - 5 ft (1 - 1.5 m)

Max. Width
5 ft (1.5 m)

Mounding, Spreading

Fragrant - Pleasant

Growth Rate


Flower Color
Blue, Lavender, Purple

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Because this species occurs in such diverse parts of the state, it may be found in a number of settings and habitats including chaparral or coastal sage scrub in seaside conditions on coastal terraces, bluffs, canyons or mesas, as well as open areas in coastal or foothill woodlands with evergreen forest


Elevation ?
-7' - 12091'

Annual Precip. ?
4.9" - 130.5"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 4.08"

Coldest Month ?
21.0° F - 56.7° F

Hottest Month ?
42.0° F - 84.4° F

Humidity ?
0.08 vpd - 35.52 vpd

Soil Description
Occurs in a variety of soils

Soil PH
6.0 - 8.0


Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to -10° F

Companion Plants
Because this species occurs over such a large part of the state in different habitats, it has many companion plants in the wild. In the garden, plant with other species that prefer fast drainage and moderately dry conditions.

Wildlife Attracted
Very attractive to bees

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
1x/month, 2x/month
No Summer Water
Keep moist


Propagation ?
By seed

Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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