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Tiger Lily
Lilium pardalinum
About Tiger Lily (Lilium pardalinum) Nurseries Show All Photos Lilium pardalinum, sometimes known as the panther lily or leopard lily, is a native of Oregon and California, where it usually grows in damp areas. In California it is found primarily in the central to northern part of the state in the Coast Ranges, Klamath mountains and Sierras. Typically it grows to about two meters high, the tallest and most vigorous plants can reach up to 2.5 meters. The flowers are Turk's-cap shaped, red-orange, with numerous brown spots, usually flowering in July. The plant grows from bulbs which are small, and many are usually clustered together on a rhizomatous stock.

There are 5 recognized subspecies, three of which are rare. The growing requirements of all are similar.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
6.6 - 8.3 ft (2 - 2.5 m)

Max. Width
.5 ft (0.2 m)


Winter Deciduous

Flower Color
Orange, Red, Brown

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Moist places such as along stream banks, lake shoreline, or near seeps or springs

Part Shade, Sun

Elevation ?
3' - 9379'

Annual Precip. ?
6.1" - 158.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.23" - 6.00"

Coldest Month ?
25.6° F - 52.0° F

Hottest Month ?
50.1° F - 79.3° F

Humidity ?
0.02 vpd - 29.07 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils including clay and serpentine and acidic soils

Soil PH
4.0 - 8.0

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Serpentine Soil


Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to -15° F

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
1/week, Keep moist
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Do not prune or trim until after it has finished blooming for the year and the stalk becomes completely dry

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: Sow outdoors in summer for germination the following spring, or 3-6 mos. warm then 2-3 mos. cold stratification. For forcing slightly green or fresh seeds: 6-8 wks. warm (70°F) stratification or until the majority of seeds have formed bulblets; then 4-6 wks. cold (about 35°FJ stratification; sow, and at 55 to 60°F leaves should be produced in 4-6 wks. (De Graaff 1951).

Common uses
Hummingbird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
California Tiger Lily, Leopard Lily

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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