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Toad Rush
Juncus bufonius
  
About Toad Rush (Juncus bufonius) 5 Nurseries Carry This Plant Juncus bufonius, known as Toad Rush, is a common annual species in the Juncaceae family found worldwide. It grows in moist and muddy places and is considered a weed in many areas. This is an annual monocot that is quite variable in appearance. It is sometimes described as a complex of variants labeled with one species name. There are three recognized varieties in California that are weakly delineated and have overlapping ranges. It is generally a green clumping grasslike rush with many thin stems wrapped with few threadlike leaves. The flowers are borne in flower clusters and also in the joint where the flower cluster branches off of the stem. The flowering period is from September through March and is a grassy flower folded within tough leafs and sepals.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Grasses

Size
Size
1 ft tall

Form
Form
Upright

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Flower Color
Flower Color
Green

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring

Wildlife Supported
 


 

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Moderate - High

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Keep moist

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to -10° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerant of a variety of garden soils as long as sufficient moisture is available. Soil PH: 5.6 - 8.0

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Use with other wet area plants such as Sedge (Carex or Cyperus sp.), Spikerush (Eleocharis sp.), Bullrush (Schoeoplectus or Scirpus sp.), and Cattail (Typha sp.)

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Pond margins, streams, ditches, and other wet places

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 4.0" - 93.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.13" - 2.93", Coldest Month: 20.3" - 60.4", Hottest Month: 46.8" - 87.2", Humidity: 0.01" - 40.37", Elevation: -253" - 10562"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Common Toad Rush


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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