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Alpine Wintergreen
Gaultheria humifusa
About Alpine Wintergreen (Gaultheria humifusa) Nurseries Show All Photos Gaultheria humifusa is a species of shrub in the heath family which is known by the common names alpine wintergreen and alpine spicy wintergreen. It is native to western North America, from British Columbia to California to Colorado, where it grows in moist subalpine mountain forests. It is a low, spreading shrub which may be quite small, forming flat patches on the ground or amongst rock and leaf litter. The stems are less than 20 centimeters in length and have small oval-shaped leaves one to two centimeters long. It bears solitary bell-shaped flowers with white to light pink corollas and golden anthers which, after pollination, mature into bright to dull red berrylike fruit capsules. The leaves and fruit of Gaultheria humifusa are edible.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
7.9 in (20.1 cm)

Flower Color
Pink, Yellow, White

Native Status

Natural Setting
Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
5633' - 11680'

Annual Precip. ?
29.2" - 104.0"

Summer Precip. ?
1.30" - 3.93"

Coldest Month ?
21.1° F - 37.0° F

Hottest Month ?
43.0° F - 54.8° F

Humidity ?
0.70 vpd - 12.43 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Alpine Spicy Wintergreen, Alpine Spicywintergreen

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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