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Chocolate Lily
Fritillaria biflora
  
About Chocolate Lily (Fritillaria biflora) 2 Nurseries Carry This Plant Fritillaria biflora (Chocolate Lily) is a species in the Liliaceae (Lily) family that is endemic to California and northern Baja. It is found along the coast from Montery County south. Fritillaria biflora is called "Chocolate Lily" because its bell-shaped flowers resemble the color of chocolate. It should not be confused with Arthropodium strictum, which is also called "chocolate lily" but which resembles the scent of chocolate rather than the color. It is an extraordinarily beautiful flower but infrequently available and not easy to grow. It is grown from a bulb that should be planted fairly deep, around 4 in. It needs fast drainage and requires a dry summer dormancy.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Size
Size
6 in tall
.5 ft wide

Dormancy
Dormancy
Summer Deciduous

Flower Color
Flower Color
Black, Brown, Green, Purple

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Never irrigate once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 20° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Use with native grasses, annual wildflowers, herbaceous perennials, or other geophytes

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Grassy slopes

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 10.1" - 67.1", Summer Precipitation: 0.13" - 1.36", Coldest Month: 38.0" - 56.0", Hottest Month: 54.4" - 80.8", Humidity: 0.52" - 28.59", Elevation: 3" - 6441"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Leopard Lily, Spotted Fritillary, Spotted Missionbells


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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