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Spotted Fritillary
Fritillaria atropurpurea
  
About Spotted Fritillary (Fritillaria atropurpurea) 1 Nurseries Carry This Plant Fritillaria atropurpurea is a species of fritillary known by several common names, including spotted fritillary, purple fritillary, spotted mountainbells, and spotted missionbells. This wildflower is native to the western United States, where it is often found beneath trees in moldy leaf litter. This species has the widest distribution of the fritillaries, growing from California to the Dakotas. The stems may reach anywhere from 10 to 60 centimeters in height and bear narrow, pointed leaves at nodes along the stem. The nodding flower has splayed-open petals each one or two centimeters long which are yellowish or cream-colored with heavy dark purple-brown mottling. The center of the flower has a central style surrounded by stamens with very large yellow anthers. This species is similar to Fritillaria pinetorum, but it has nodding flowers compared with the latter's erect blooms.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Size
Size
0.33 - 2 ft tall

Flower Color
Flower Color
Brown, Red, White, Yellow, Cream, Purple

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Summer

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Low, Moderate - High

Nurseries
Nurseries

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Prefers moist, rich soil with organic matter

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Mold under trees

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 12.3" - 106.6", Summer Precipitation: 0.30" - 3.95", Coldest Month: 20.0" - 48.4", Hottest Month: 40.8" - 74.1", Humidity: 0.65" - 21.00", Elevation: 494" - 12863"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Mountain Fritillary, Purple Fritillary, Spotted Mountain Bells, Spotted Mountainbells


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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