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Velvet Ash
Fraxinus velutina
About Velvet Ash (Fraxinus velutina) Nurseries Show All Photos Fraxinus velutina (Velvet Ash or Arizona Ash or Modesto Ash) is a species of Fraxinus native to southwestern North America, in the United States from southern California east to Texas, and in Mexico from northern Baja California east to Coahuila and Nuevo Len. It is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 meter tall, with a trunk up to 30 centimeter diameter. The bark is rough gray-brown and fissured, and the shoots are velvety-downy. The leaves are 10-25 centimeter long, pinnately compound with five or seven (occasionally three) leaflets 4 centimeter or more long, with an entire or finely serrated margin. The flowers are produced in small clusters in early spring; it is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees. The fruit is a samara 1.5-3 centimeter long, with an apical wing 4-8 millimeter broad.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
30 - 40 ft (9.1 - 12.2 m)


Growth Rate

Winter Deciduous

Flower Color
Yellow, Green

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Slopes and streambanks

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
7' - 6785'

Annual Precip. ?
5.2" - 61.7"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 3.36"

Coldest Month ?
33.4° F - 57.6° F

Hottest Month ?
58.2° F - 86.2° F

Humidity ?
0.82 vpd - 37.09 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers sandy or granular soil of desert riparian areas


Sunset Zones ?
1, 2*, 3*, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8*, 9*, 10*, 11*, 12, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 3 mos. stratification.

Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Bird Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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