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Woodland Strawberry
Fragaria vesca
About Woodland Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) Nurseries Show All Photos Fragaria vesca, commonly known as woodland strawberry occurs throughout the Northern Hemisphere. In California it is found along the coast, in the Coast Ranges, and in the Sierras. Other names for this species include fraises des bois, wild (European) strawberry, European strawberry and alpine strawberry (the latter usually refers to the cultivated varieties of the everbearing type). Like all strawberries, it is in the family Rosaceae. Its fruit is more accurately known as an accessory fruit, because the fleshy part is derived not from the plant's ovaries (achenes) but from the peg at the bottom of the bowl-shaped hypanthium that holds the ovaries (see Fragaria for more detail).
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.1 - 1 ft (0.03 - 0.3 m)

Max. Width
3 ft (0.9 m)

Flower Color

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-253' - 9319'

Annual Precip. ?
13.1" - 146.1"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 5.07"

Coldest Month ?
26.6° F - 53.5° F

Hottest Month ?
47.3° F - 78.3° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 24.15 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates clay and garden soil

Soil PH
5.4 - 6.8

Slow, Medium

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to -5° F

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 4*, 5*, 6*, 7*, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Deep Organic

Common uses
Groundcovers, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens

Other Names
Botanical Names
Fragaria crinita,Fragaria vesca ssp. bracteata

Common Names
California Strawberry, Wild Strawberry, Wood Strawberry

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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