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Burning Bush
Euonymus occidentalis
  
About Burning Bush (Euonymus occidentalis) 5 Nurseries Carry This Plant Euonymus occidentalis is a species in the Celastraceae (Bittersweet) family known by the common name Burning Bush. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to California, where it is the only member of its genus growing wild. In California it is found in two disjunct locations corresponding to its two recognized Varieties: Var. occidentalis is found along the coast from Santa Cruz northward, and in the Cascades and Sierra foothills. Var. parishii is found far to the south in the Peninsular Range. Though not designated as rare, it is a somewhat uncommon plant growing as a shrub or small tree reaching maximum heights from two to six meters. The thin, green, oval-shaped leaves are up to one and a half centimeters long and sometimes rolled under along the edges. The flower cluster holds up to five small flowers at the end of a long peduncle. Each flower has five rounded, mottled petals of red, pink, brown or white color, around a central nectar disc with 5 nubs. The fruit is a rounded red-orange capsule with three bulging lobes. It opens to reveal one seed in each of the three lobes. The seed in concealed in a red aril. Although this plant likes moist locations, it also needs good drainage. Burning Bush is a good choice for cool, shaded woodland gardens or higher elevation, forested gardens.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
6.6 - 20 ft tall
10 - 20 ft wide

Form
Form
Mounding

Dormancy
Dormancy
Winter Deciduous

Flower Color
Flower Color
Brown, Pink, Red, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring

Wildlife Supported
 


 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 3 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Shade, Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Moderate - High

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 5° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Prefers fine sandy or silty loam

Common uses
Common uses
Hedges

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Use with other forest/woodland species including Maples (Acer macrophyllum and circinatum), Red Alder (Alnus rubra), Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia), Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), Oaks (Quercus sp.), Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata), and native ferns

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: 3 mos. stratification.

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Stream banks, forested canyons and other moist, shaded places at elevations from sea level to 7,000 ft.

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 18.6" - 153.3", Summer Precipitation: 0.25" - 5.87", Coldest Month: 36.8" - 49.3", Hottest Month: 56.0" - 76.8", Humidity: 0.01" - 27.59", Elevation: 3" - 6374"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Western Burning Bush, Western Wahoo


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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