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Three Spine Hedgehog Cactus
Echinocereus mojavensis

About Three Spine Hedgehog Cactus (Echinocereus mojavensis) Echinocereus triglochidiatus is a species of hedgehog cactus known by several common names, including kingcup cactus, claretcup, and Mojave mound cactus. This cactus is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, where it is a resident of varied habitats from low desert to rocky slopes, scrub, and mountain woodland. It is most abundant in shady areas. There are a number of varieties of this highly variable cactus species, but not all are universally recognized. In general it is a mounding cactus, forming bulbous piles of few to hundreds of spherical to cylindrical stems. It is densely spiny and somewhat woolly. The showy flower is a funnel shaped bloom up to 8 or 9 centimeters wide and bright scarlet red to orange-red petals. There is a thick nectar chamber and many thready pink stamens at the center of the corolla. The flowers are pollinated by hummingbirds.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub, Succulent

Max. Height
1.3 ft (0.4 m)

Flower Color
Red, Orange, Pink

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
low desert, rocky slopes, scrub, and mountain woodland

Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Elevation ?
1075' - 9332'

Annual Precip. ?
4.1" - 28.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.33" - 3.90"

Coldest Month ?
27.5° F - 52.0° F

Hottest Month ?
50.9° F - 79.3° F

Humidity ?
2.55 vpd - 30.95 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers rocky, sandy or decomposed granite soil


Sunset Zones ?
2, 3, 10, 11, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low, Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Common uses
Deer Resistant

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Claretcup Hedgehog, Mojave Kingcup Cactus, Mojave Mound Cactus, Órgano-pequeño Copa De Vino

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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