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Lanceleaf Liveforever Back to Plant Page
Dudleya lanceolata

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About Lanceleaf Liveforever (Dudleya lanceolata) Dudleya lanceolata is a succulent plant known by the common name Lanceleaf Dudleya and lanceleaf liveforever. This plant is native to the mountains of southern California and Baja California, where it is found in rocky areas and slopes. This dudleya has fleshy, pointed leaves of variable shape and size, from a star-shaped basal rosette of flat, spade-shaped leaves to bunches of longer, thicker leaves. Its stem is erect and bears a branching flower cluster with up to 20 flowers on each of its few branches. The flowers are generally bright yellow, pink, or red, with pale green bases. The leaves grow only 3-4 inches above the ground, but the flower branches grow up to 2 feet high. This species is in the Subgenus Dudleya which has tubular flowers and is pollinated by hummingbirds or bumble bees.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Succulent

Max. Height
4.2 - 8.4 in (10.7 - 21.3 cm)

Max. Width
1 ft (0.3 m)



Growth Rate

Summer Semi-Deciduous

Lance shaped, thick, succulent, 5-20 cm long, variable in color from pale green to darker green to red, sometimes having a light powdery white coating but never as much as Dudleya pulverulenta. Leaves often shrivel under drought stress

Flower Color
Orange, Pink, Red, Yellow

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Rocky slopes of canyon, bluffs, marine terraces and mesas within Chaparral and Coastal Sage Scrub. The basal rosette is often hidden under other plants and only the inflorescence is visible.


Elevation ?
0' - 7631'

Annual Precip. ?
7.3" - 43.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 2.64"

Coldest Month ?
33.5° F - 56.7° F

Hottest Month ?
60.9° F - 83.2° F

Humidity ?
0.47 vpd - 34.11 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates sand and clay but prefers very rocky substrate

Soil Texture
Sand, Sandy Clay, Sandy Clay Loam

Soil PH
5.0 - 8.0

Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 12° F

Sunset Zones ?
7, 9, 14, 15, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Companion Plants
Toyon, Scrub Oaks, Chaparral Mallow, California Encelia, California Sagebrush, Woolly Bluecurls, Chamise, Yucca spp, various cactus species

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds, insects

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
No Summer Water
Keep moist


Propagation ?
The plant produces offsets which may be separated for planting elsewhere. Seed propagation is difficult because the seed is very tiny and dust-like.  For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Lanceleaf Dudleya

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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