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Dudleya farinosa

About Bluff Lettuce (Dudleya farinosa) Dudleya farinosa is a succulent plant known by several common names, including bluff lettuce, powdery liveforever, and powdery dudleya. This dudleya is variable in appearance from drab to spectacular. It grows from a branching caudex and forms a basal rosette of wide, pointed, spade-shaped leaves, each up to about six centimeters across. The leaves are generally very pale green but they often have edges or tips of bright colors, particularly bright reds. The plant erects a tall stem which is pale green with pink or red tinting, atop which it bears a branching flower cluster with many pale to bright yellow flowers. This plant is native to the coastline of Oregon and northern California, where it is commonly found on bluffs and coastal hillsides. One specialized habitat in which D. farinosa is found is the Monterey Cypress forests at Point Lobos and Del Monte Forest in Monterey County, California.

This is a beautiful plant with striking red foliage in the dry season. Easy to grow in coastal environments, just make sure it's place in very well draining soils in either full sun or part shade. It's often grown in pots and is a great choice for rock walls. Dudleya farinosa is an important hummingbird plant along the coast in its natural range.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Succulent

Max. Height
3.6 - 8.4 in (9.1 - 21.3 cm)

Max. Width
8 - 12 in (20 - 30cm)


Growth Rate

Summer Semi-Deciduous

Pale green with bright red edges when drought stressed

Flower Color
Red, Yellow, Pink, Green

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Sea cliffs and bluffs

Shade, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-253' - 1517'

Annual Precip. ?
13.6" - 78.9"

Summer Precip. ?
0.20" - 2.24"

Coldest Month ?
41.8° F - 51.1° F

Hottest Month ?
55.7° F - 72.1° F

Humidity ?
0.08 vpd - 21.36 vpd

Soil Description
Rocky cliffs, very well draining rocky slopes

Soil PH
6 - 7


Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 25 - 30° F

Sunset Zones ?
5, 7, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Wildlife Attracted
Attracts hummingbirds and other pollinators

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low, Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Very Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water, 1x/month
No Summer Water
Keep moist


Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
North Coast Dudleya, Powdery Dudleya, Powdery Liveforever, Sea Lettuce

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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