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Cyperus esculentus
  

Zoom To My AddressZoom To California Estimated Plant Range

About Chufa Sedge (Cyperus esculentus) Cyperus esculentus (also called chufa sedge, nut grass, yellow nutsedge, tiger nut sedge, or earth almond) is a crop of the sedge family widespread across much of the world. It is native to most of the Western Hemisphere as well as southern Europe, Africa, Madagascar, the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent. It has become naturalized in many other regions, including Ukraine, China, Hawaii, Indochina, New Guinea, Java, New South Wales and various oceanic islands. Cyperus esculentus can be found wild, as a weed, or as a crop. There is evidence for its cultivation in Egypt since the sixth millennium BC, and for several centuries in Southern Europe. In Spain, C. esculentus is cultivated for its edible tubers, called earth almonds or tiger nuts, for the preparation of "horchata de chufa", a sweet, milk-like beverage. However, in most other countries, C. esculentus is considered a weed. Climate requirements.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Grasses

Max. Height
8.4 in (21.3 cm)

Form
Upright

Growth Rate
Fast

Flower Color
Green

Flowering Season
Summer
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
-119' - 4257'

Annual Precip. ?
2.6" - 52.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.13" - 1.39"

Coldest Month ?
37.1° F - 59.2° F

Hottest Month ?
61.8° F - 89.1° F

Humidity ?
0.49 vpd - 40.24 vpd

Soil Description
Adaptable, tolerant of sand, loam and clay

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Yellow Nutsedge, Tiger Nut Sedge, Nut Grass, Earth Almond


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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