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Western Hound's Tongue
Cynoglossum occidentale

About Western Hound's Tongue (Cynoglossum occidentale) Cynoglossum occidentale is a species of flowering plant in the borage family known by the common name western hound's tongue. It is native to Oregon and northern California, where it is a resident of the coniferous understory, including in the Cascade Range, Klamath Mountains, and the Sierra Nevada. Cynoglossum occidentale is a perennial plant with hairy stems which may approach half a meter in height. It has rough, hairy leaves up to 15 centimeters long and four wide with winged petioles. From the top of the leafy stem appears an inflorescence of tube-shaped reddish-purple flowers, each about a centimeter long. The fruits are bumpy, bristly nutlets attached to each other in clusters of four.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.49 - 1.6 ft (0.15 - 0.49 m)

Flower Color
Purple, Red

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
7' - 8609'

Annual Precip. ?
17.3" - 98.4"

Summer Precip. ?
0.44" - 3.12"

Coldest Month ?
25.9° F - 49.8° F

Hottest Month ?
50.0° F - 76.8° F

Humidity ?
0.39 vpd - 24.49 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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