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Miner's Lettuce
Claytonia perfoliata
  
About Miner's Lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata) 5 Nurseries Carry This Plant Claytonia perfoliata (Miner's lettuce, Winter Purslane, Spring Beauty, or Indian lettuce; syn. Montia perfoliata) is an annual herb in the Montiaceae (Montia) family. It is native to a large portion of western North America, including almost every county in California. It is a trailing plant, growing to a maximum of 40 centimeter in length, but mature plants can be as small as 1 centimeter. The cotyledons are usually bright green (sometimes purplish or brownish-green), succulent, long and narrow. The first true leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant, and are 0.5-4 centimeter long, with an often long petiole (exceptionally up to 20 centimeter long). Mature leaves are round, succulent and edible, leading to the common name. The small white flowers have five petals 2-6 millimeter long; they appear from February to May or June, and are grouped 5-40 together above a pair of leaves that are united together around the stem to appear as one circular leaf. Mature plants have numerous erect to spreading stems that branch from the base. The presence of Miner's Lettuce is indicative of a healthy oak woodland. This plant tends to be more drought tolerant near the coast or in other cool weather areas.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Annual herb

Size
Size
1 - 1.3 ft tall
1 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright, Spreading

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Fragrance
Fragrance
None

Flower Color
Flower Color
White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Wildlife Supported
 
A variety of insects

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 2 confirmed , 1 likely * ) SHOW ALL
Annaphila diva Image
Annaphila divaAnnaphila diva
Annaphila arvalis Image
Annaphila arvalisAnnaphila arvalis
*
Enchoria lacteata Image
Enchoria lacteataEnchoria lacteata

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Low, Moderate - High

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 2x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils as long as winter moisture is provided.

Common uses
Common uses
Groundcovers

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Works well as an annual understory plant with oaks, other trees or larger shrubs. Can be mixed with more showy annuals or perennial herbs.

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: 2 mos. stratification ( Emery and Frey 1971). It usually re-seeds itself.

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Vernally moist places, often in understory of oaks or larger shrubs

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 5.6" - 121.3", Summer Precipitation: 0.15" - 3.46", Coldest Month: 30.6" - 57.4", Hottest Month: 53.9" - 84.2", Humidity: 0.01" - 34.96", Elevation: -247" - 7863"

Alternative Names
Botanical Names: Montia perfiolata
Common Names: Miners Lettuce, Minerslettuce


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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