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Purple Clarkia
Clarkia purpurea
  
About Purple Clarkia (Clarkia purpurea) 6 Nurseries Carry This Plant Clarkia purpurea is a species of wildflower in the Onagraceae (Evening Primrose) family known by the common names Winecup Clarkia, Winecup Fairyfan, and Purple Clarkia. This plant is native to western North America where it is found in a variety of habitats. Within California it is very widespread, occurring all along the coast, in the Coast Ranges, Central Valley and Sierra foothills. There are three subspecies with differences in the flower color and with overlapping ranges. This plant erects a thin reddish stem which may approach a meter in height and has a few lance-shaped leaves. The bowl-shaped flowers have four petals usually one to two centimeters long and in shades of pink, purple, or deep wine red, often with a streak or spot of pink or red in the middle. In the garden it is almost always grown from seed and is included in many commercially available wildflower seed mixes.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Annual herb

Size
Size
3.3 ft tall
1 ft wide

Flower Color
Flower Color
Lavender, Pink, Purple, Red

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Summer

Wildlife Supported
 
Primarily insects

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 5 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 2x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 5° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Adaptable. Soil PH: 6.0 - 7.5

Common uses
Common uses
Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Use with other annuals or perennial herbs such as California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Lupine (Lupinus sp.), and Tidy Tips (Layia platyglossa).

Propagation
Propagation?
From seed

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Open, grassy or shrubby places

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 5.9" - 133.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 3.85", Coldest Month: 29.9" - 57.7", Hottest Month: 55.4" - 83.7", Humidity: 0.02" - 33.99", Elevation: -3814" - 7897"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Winecup Clarkia, Winecup Fairyfan


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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