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Desert Willow
Chilopsis linearis
  
About Desert Willow (Chilopsis linearis) 28 Nurseries Carry This Plant It is a small tree native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. Despite the common name Desert-willow, given because of its willow-like leaves, it is actually a member of the bignonia family, Bignoniaceae. It is commonly seen in washes and along riverbanks at elevations below 1500 meters in the Colorado and Mojave Deserts. Ranging from 1.5 to as much as 8 meters in height, it can have the general appearance of either a shrub or a small tree. The linear curved leaves, ranging from 10-26 centimeter in length and 2-4 millimeter broad, are deciduous. It has fragrant pink flowers that hummingbirds love.

Because it is winter deciduous, it will be leafless half of the year. However, in Spring and Summer its flowers justify inclusion in a sunny, inland garden.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
4.9 - 26.3 ft tall
10 - 20 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright, Weeping

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Moderate, Fast

Dormancy
Dormancy
Winter Deciduous

Fragrance
Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Flower Color
Flower Color
Purple, Lavender, Pink, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Fall

Wildlife Supported
 
Hummingbirds and bees are highly attracted to this plant when in bloom

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed , 1 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 3x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast

Soil Description
Soil Description
Prefers sandy or decomposed granite soil with moisture. Soil PH: 6.0 - 9.0

Common uses
Common uses
Hummingbird Gardens, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
California Fan Palm, Blue Paloverde, Desert Ironwood, Brittlebush, Chuparosa, Desert Lavender

Maintenance
Maintenance
As desired, during the dormant season

Propagation
Propagation?
Seed germinates readily. May also be propagated by cuttings.  For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Perennial desert streams, or sandy washes or canyons where there is likely to be subsurface water for most of the year. In the low desert it is typically surrounded by creosote bush scrub. In higher desert, Joshua tree woodland

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 2.6" - 24.1", Summer Precipitation: 0.31" - 3.11", Coldest Month: 33.2" - 62.5", Hottest Month: 61.5" - 88.8", Humidity: 2.47" - 46.25", Elevation: 27" - 7763"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Desert-willow, Desertwillow, Given Because, Its Willow-like Leaves


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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