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River Beauty
Chamerion latifolium
  


About River Beauty (Chamerion latifolium) Chamerion latifolium (formerly Epilobium latifolium) is a species of flowering plant in the evening primrose family known by the English common name dwarf fireweed. It has a circumboreal distribution, appearing throughout the northern regions of the Northern Hemisphere, including subarctic and Arctic areas such as snowmelt-flooded gravel bars and talus, in a wide range of elevations. This is a perennial herb growing in clumps of leaves variable in size, shape, and texture about a woody caudex. The leaves are 1 to 10 centimeters long, lance-shaped to oval, pointed or rounded at the tips, and hairy to hairless and waxy. The flower cluster is a rough-haired raceme of nodding flowers with bright to deep pink, and occasionally white, petals up to 3 centimeters long. Behind the opened petals are pointed sepals. The fruit is an elongated capsule which may exceed 10 centimeters in length. This arctic plant provides valuable nutrition for the Inuit, who eat the leaves raw, boiled with fat, or steeped in water for tea, the flowers and fruits raw, and as a salad with meals of seal and walrus blubber.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
3 ft (0.9 m)

Flower Color
Pink, White

Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Dry slopes, ridges

Sun
Sun

Elevation ?
23' - 12228'

Annual Precip. ?
4.1" - 124.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 4.20"

Coldest Month ?
19.7° F - 59.6° F

Hottest Month ?
41.1° F - 88.1° F

Humidity ?
0.28 vpd - 40.93 vpd

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Common uses
Hummingbird Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Botanical Names
Epilobium latifolium

Common Names
Dwarf Fireweed



Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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