Home
Advanced Search Map Locator
View Settings
Nurseries Carrying this Plant Add Current Plant To List Edit Current Plant
Show all Photos

Butterflies My Plant Lists Nurseries Planting Guide Contact Calscape About Calscape
Tap map to see plants native to location
Order by Popularity Order by Common Name Order by Scientific Name Order by # of Butterflies Hosted
Show nursery cultivars Hide nursery cultivars
Show plants not in nurseries Hide plants not in nurseries
Grid view Text view
Loading....
Chaparral Whitethorn
Ceanothus leucodermis
  
About Chaparral Whitethorn (Ceanothus leucodermis) 9 Nurseries Carry This Plant Ceanothus leucodermis is a species of shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae known by the common name chaparral whitethorn. It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in coastal and inland mountain habitat, such as chaparral, coniferous forest, and oak woodland. It is a thorny shrub growing erect to heights approaching 4 meters. The bark is gray-white, waxy, and somewhat hairy, especially when new. The twigs harden into sharp-tipped thorns as they age. The evergreen leaves are alternately arranged, oval in shape and up to about 4 centimeters long. The edges are smooth or lined with tiny hairy teeth. The flower cluster is a long, stalked cluster of flowers in shades of blue, lavender, or white. The fruit is a sticky, three-lobed capsule about half a centimeter long. This Ceanothus is an important browse for several types of ungulates, such as the mule deer and bighorn sheep, who prefer the new growth and shoots to the older, spiny parts.

This plant has a reputation for being difficult to grow, but if properly sited, it's fast growing and easy to keep alive. It is better suited to the mountains or interior valleys rather than the coast. In the drier part of its range, it does best on north facing slopes and on dry flats with good drainage. It's best to plant this species in the winter once the rains start, with plenty of mulch and a few nice rocks around the rootball. It's also a good idea to plant it mixed in the other shrubs to protect the roots from direct sun. After the plant is established, discontinue significant direct watering. It'll stay green all summer if there's a nearby irrigated area it can reach its roots out to.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
6 - 13.1 ft tall
3 - 7 ft wide

Form
Form
Rounded, Upright Columnar

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen, Summer Semi-Deciduous

Fragrance
Fragrance
Slight

Flower Color
Flower Color
Blue, Lavender, Purple, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Winter, Spring

Wildlife Supported
 
Bees, butterflies, deer, and bighorn sheep in their range. Plants in the Ceanothus genus are host plants to the Spring Azure, Echo Blue, Pacuvius Duskywing, California Tortoiseshell, Pale Swallowtail, and Hedgerow Hairstreak butterflies.

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Part Shade, Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 0 - 5° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast

Soil Description
Soil Description
Dry, rocky. Soil PH: 6 - 8

Common uses
Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Hedges, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: Hot water and 1-3 mos. stratification. Hot water only may give satisfactory germination.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
7*, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Dry, rocky or sandy slopes in chaparral or in openings in forest or woodland

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 7.5" - 66.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 2.95", Coldest Month: 28.0" - 55.4", Hottest Month: 49.7" - 84.0", Humidity: 0.88" - 34.75", Elevation: 36" - 9377"


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


Sign in to your Calscape Account X




Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address
Password

Sign In