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Yellow Mustard
Caulanthus flavescens

About Yellow Mustard (Caulanthus flavescens) Guillenia flavescens is a species of mustard plant known by the common name yellow mustard, but it is not the only species known by that name. Sinapis alba is probably the plant more widely known as yellow mustard. G. flavescens is a thin-stemmed annual herb growing large, lobed or toothed leaves up to 22 centimeters long around its base, and smaller, less toothed leaves along its gray-pink to brown stem. At intervals along the upper stem appear cream, yellowish, or very pale purple flowers, each somewhat cuboid in shape and about a centimeter long. The tips of the petals around the mouth are curled, flared, or clawlike. The fruit is a thin silique up to 9 centimeters long. This species is endemic to California, where it grows in the valleys and mountains surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb

Flower Color
Pink, Yellow, Cream, Purple, Brown

Native Status

Natural Setting

Elevation ?
73' - 7419'

Annual Precip. ?
9.6" - 30.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 2.45"

Coldest Month ?
33.5° F - 50.5° F

Hottest Month ?
61.0° F - 77.0° F

Humidity ?
1.41 vpd - 27.63 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
But It

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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