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Emory's Baccharis
Baccharis salicina

About Emory's Baccharis (Baccharis salicina) Baccharis emoryi is a species in the Asteraceae (Sunflower) family known by the common name Emory's Baccharis. It is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, where it grows in sandy, moist habitat such as riverbanks or alkali marsh, but also occasionally in more xeric areas. In California it is found in the southern half of the state. This is a shrub producing erect, branching stems approaching three meters in maximum height. The thick leaves are oblong to oval in shape and sometimes have roughly toothed edges. They may be up to 7 centimeters long. The shrub is dioecious, with male and female plants producing flower heads of different types. The head is enclosed in a layer of phyllaries and the female flowers yield fruits, each an achene with a white pappus about a centimeter long. The foliage and flower heads are hairy and sticky. This species is very similar to its relatives, Baccharis pilularis and Baccharis salicifolia. It's a good choice for a bioswale, edge of a pond, alkaline soil patches, or where rapid growth is desired and its tendency to spread can be accommodated.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
3.3 - 10 ft (1 - 3 m)

Max. Width
7 ft (2.1 m)


Growth Rate

Summer Semi-Deciduous

Flower Color
Cream, White

Flowering Season
Summer, Fall, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Sandy edges of rivers and washes, salt marshes, alkaline flats


Elevation ?
-230' - 4325'

Annual Precip. ?
2.5" - 34.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 1.83"

Coldest Month ?
43.6° F - 61.5° F

Hottest Month ?
66.4° F - 89.3° F

Humidity ?
1.27 vpd - 41.20 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates a variety of soils as long as adequate moisture is present

Soil PH
6.0 - 8.5

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Sodic Soil

Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Companion Plants
Use wIth other wetland plants such as Sedge (Carex sp.), Rush (Juncus sp.), and Willow (Salix sp.). In Desert areas It may be used wIth Desert Willow (Chilopsis linearis)

Wildlife Attracted
Many beneficial insects are attracted to the flowers. Species in the Baccharis genus are host plant to the Common Buckeye butterfly

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Low, Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Rarely Used

Max. Summer Water ?
1/week, Keep moist
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Common uses
Hedges, Butterfly Gardens, Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Botanical Names
Baccharis emoryi

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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