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Coyote Bush
Baccharis pilularis
About Coyote Bush (Baccharis pilularis) Nurseries Show All Photos Names include Coyote Brush (or Bush), Chaparral Broom, and Bush Baccharis. It is a common shrub in the Asteraceae that grows in California, Oregon, and Baja California. There are two subspecies. Ssp. pilularis is more common along the central coast. Ssp. consanguinea is found all along the coast and inland to the Coast Ranges and the foothills of the Sierras. All forms of this shrub are generally 1-3 meters in height. It is smooth and generally sticky. The stems are prostrate to erect which branches spreading or ascending. The leaves are 8-55 millimeters long with three principal veins and have profuse, white or yellow, rayless flowers that bloom in early winter. They are found in a variety of habitats, from coastal bluffs to oak woodlands.

Coyote Brush is extremely easy to grow in landscape applications. It tolerates summer water up to weekly, but naturalizes easily also. It is said to be fire resistant. The form is highly variable, ranging from upright to mounding to prostrate. Several forms available in native plant nurseries make an excellent groundcover. Named varieties include 'Twin Peaks', 'Santa Ana' and 'Pigeon Point'.

Here's a great video describing this plant from the Jepson Herbarium at UC Berkeley

Tolerant of recycled water.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
1.5 - 10 ft (0.46 - 3 m)

Max. Width
12 ft (3.7 m)

Mounding, Spreading


Growth Rate
Fast, Moderate


Flower Color
Yellow, Cream, White

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Bluffs, hills, foothills and flats as a component of chaparral or coastal sage scrub

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-152' - 6046'

Annual Precip. ?
3.6" - 123.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 3.72"

Coldest Month ?
39.7° F - 59.0° F

Hottest Month ?
56.7° F - 87.9° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 38.93 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerant of a variety of soils including sand, clay and alkaline

Soil PH
5.0 - 8.0

Fast, Medium, Slow

Sunset Zones ?
5*, 7, 8, 9, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Companion Plants
Good with oaks, Toyon, Coffeeberry species, Manzanita species, Ceanothus species, sages, and most other chaparral species

Wildlife Attracted
Very attractive to insects, especially when in flower. It is common to find wasp galls on leaves.

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low, Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Very Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
1x/month, 1/week
No Summer Water
Keep moist

The upright form can be pruned to be tree-like if desired. The ground cover forms should be pruned annually if a neat appearance is desired. Some may even be mowed.

Propagation ?
Nursery plants are usually male clones to avoid the fluffy plumes which some people may be allergic to. If you have both male and female plants in close proximity, you will get seedlings.  For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Groundcovers, Hedges, Butterfly Gardens, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Coyote Brush, Coyotebrush, Dwarf Chaparral Broom

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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