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Refugio Manzanita
Arctostaphylos refugioensis
  
About Refugio Manzanita (Arctostaphylos refugioensis) 14 Nurseries Carry This Plant Arctostaphylos refugioensis is a species in the Heath family (Ericaceae) known by the common name Refugio manzanita. It is endemic to Santa Barbara County, California, where it can be found along the immediate coastline, including the vicinity of Refugio State Beach, and into the Santa Ynez Mountains. It is a plant of the coastal chaparral on sandstone soils. This is a shrub reaching at least two meters tall and known to exceed four meters in maximum height. Its branches are covered in long, gland-tipped bristles and a dense foliage of oblong greenish to deep red leaves. Each leaf is dull, waxy, and often bristly in texture, smooth or toothed along the edges, and up to 4.5 centimeters long. The shrub flowers in winter in clusters of cone-shaped or urn-shaped flowers each up to a centimeter long. The fruit is a spherical to oval red drupe with a pointed end, measuring at least a centimeter long. Despite being from a mild climate area, it seems to do well in cultivation in hotter and colder inland areas.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
6.6 - 13.1 ft tall
7 ft wide

Form
Form
Rounded

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Fragrance
Fragrance
None

Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Winter, Spring

Wildlife Supported
 
Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers. Birds are attracted to the fruit and seeds.

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 27 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 2x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 10° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Sandstone. Soil PH: 6.0 - 7.0

Common uses
Common uses
Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Maintenance
Maintenance
Prune to shape in late summer to avoid infection

Propagation
Propagation?
By seed or cuttings

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Sandstone outcrops (not beach sand) in chaparral within 20 miles of the coast, below 2,500 ft. in Santa Barbara County

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 12.2" - 34.8", Summer Precipitation: 0.17" - 0.29", Coldest Month: 45.6" - 53.8", Hottest Month: 63.3" - 73.0", Humidity: 0.83" - 18.84", Elevation: 317" - 4236"


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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