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Dune Manzanita
Arctostaphylos pumila
About Dune Manzanita (Arctostaphylos pumila) Nurseries Show All Photos Arctostaphylos pumila is a species of manzanita known by the common name Sandmat Manzanita. This shrub is endemic to California where it grows on the coastline near Monterey. This is a petite, low-lying manzanita which forms flat bushes and patchy, creeping mats in sandy soil. The branch tips will take root as it spreads. The bark is reddish and tends not to shred. The leaves are small and mainly oval-shaped, dark green on the upper surface and grayish and fuzzy beneath. The flowers appear in sparse flower clusters and are white to very pale pink. The fruit is a round brownish drupe about half a centimeter wide. In the wild this plant derives a lot of moisture from fog but does not like salt spray directly on it. It is considered rare due to its limited distribution in the wild and is included on CNPS list 1B.2.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
1.6 - 5 ft (0.49 - 1.5 m)

Max. Width
5 ft (1.5 m)



Growth Rate


Flower Color
White, Pink

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Native Status
Natural Setting
Site Type
Dunes, sea bluffs and other sandy places, mostly along the immediate coast of Monterey and Santa Cruz Counties

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
-14' - 2300'

Annual Precip. ?
14.5" - 46.1"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 0.39"

Coldest Month ?
43.2° F - 50.0° F

Hottest Month ?
58.6° F - 76.3° F

Humidity ?
0.76 vpd - 23.37 vpd

Soil Description
Reportedly can tolerate clay soil

Soil Texture
Sand, Sandy Loam

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.0

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Saline Soil

Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 30° F

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist


Prune as needed to control height and spread

Propagation ?
Rooted cuttings

Common uses
Groundcovers, Hedges, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Sandmat Manzanita

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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