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Franciscan Manzanita
Arctostaphylos franciscana
  
About Franciscan Manzanita (Arctostaphylos franciscana) 9 Nurseries Carry This Plant Franciscan Manzanita (Arctostaphylos franciscana) is a rare native shrub. It is presumed to be native only to the immediate vicinity of San Francisco Bay and was presumed extinct for many years. It is on CNPS list 1B.1. It was formerly considered to be a subspecies of A. hookeri and some sources still refer to it that way.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Shrub

Size
Size
0.7 - 10 ft tall
10 ft wide

Form
Form
Mounding

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink, White

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Winter, Spring

Wildlife Supported
 
Hummingbirds and insects are attracted to Manzanita flowers. Birds and small mammals are attracted to the fruits.

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 34 likely * ) SHOW ALL

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun, Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Low, Very Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 2x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Soil Description
Soil Description
Soil PH: 6.0 - 8.0

Common uses
Common uses
Hedges, Bird Gardens, Deer Resistant, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Maintenance
Maintenance
Manzanitas in general take light pruning well. Dead wood may be pruned at any time. Live stems should be pruned in dry season to prevent infection.

Propagation
Propagation?
Seeds or cuttings

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
The species' original natural setting is presumed to be bluffs and hills surrounding San Francisco Bay. However, it has been almost entirely extirpated from that area.

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 24.3" - 27.7", Summer Precipitation: 0.28" - 0.33", Coldest Month: 49.1" - 50.4", Hottest Month: 62.8" - 64.7", Humidity: 1.19" - 9.86", Elevation: 132" - 881"

Alternative Names
Botanical Names: Arctostaphylos hookeri ssp. franciscana
Common Names: Hooker's Manzanita, San Francisco Manzanita


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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