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Mexicali Onion
Allium peninsulare
  


About Mexicali Onion (Allium peninsulare) Allium peninsulare is a North American species of wild onion. It is known by such common names as Mexicali onion and Peninsula onion; the former referring to the Mexican city just south of the US/Mexican border, the latter referring to the Peninsula of Baja California. It is widespread in California, USA, where it grows in the California Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada foothills, some of the Channel Islands, and Peninsular Ranges. The range extends south into the northernmost part of Baja California and north into southern Oregon. Allium peninsulare is usually found in Valley Grassland, Foothill Woodland, and Coastal Chaparral at elevations up to 1100 m (3660 feet). The plant produces a bulb 8-15 mm wide and has two to three channeled to more or less cylindrical leaves. Between May and July, it sends up a 12-45 cm scape topped with an umbel of 5-35 flowers, each on an 0. 8-4 cm pedicel. The flowers are red-purple and have six triangular tepals. The three inner tepals are smaller than the outer ones and have teeth along the margins. Allium peninsulare is usually found in Valley Grassland, Foothill Woodland, and Coastal Chaparral at elevations up to 1100 m (3660 feet). The plant produces a bulb 8-15 mm wide and has two to three channeled to more or less cylindrical leaves. Between May and July, it sends up a 12-45 cm scape topped with an umbel of 5-35 flowers, each on an 0. 8-4 cm pedicel. The flowers are red-purple and have six triangular tepals. The three inner tepals are smaller than the outer ones and have teeth along the margins. Varieties: Allium peninsulare var. franciscanum --- leaves arched; stigma, unlobed or obscurely 3- lobed --- central California from Mendocino County to Monterey County, Allium peninsulare var. peninsulare - leaves straight, stigma strongly 3 - lobed --- widespread from Baja California to Oregon
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Flower Color
Pink, Purple, Red

Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Dry slopes and flats

Sun
Sun

Elevation ?
19' - 7419'

Annual Precip. ?
6.7" - 70.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 2.45"

Coldest Month ?
33.5° F - 57.2° F

Hottest Month ?
61.0° F - 81.0° F

Humidity ?
0.44 vpd - 29.91 vpd

Landscaping Information
Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Peninsula Onion



Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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