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Southern Maiden Hair
Adiantum capillus-veneris
  
About Southern Maiden Hair (Adiantum capillus-veneris) 13 Nurseries Carry This Plant The southern maidenhair fern, is a species of fern in the genus Adiantum with a semi-worldwide distribution. In the United States, it grows as far north as southern Missouri and southernmost Kentucky. In California it occurs in numerous locations and habitats throughout the state, but always where it is moist but not saturated and somewhat shaded. Often found near springs, seeps or stream banks, and even in desert palm oases. It is hardy to zone 7 and grows to 20-70 centimeters tall (8-28 inches). The foliage is delicate and lacy featuring dark stipes that accentuate the green leaves. Like most ferns, it forms a clump that will gradually grow in size if it has room. It may become summer dormant if it gets too much sun or not enough water, but it should come back when favorable conditions return. Easily obscured by other plants, put it where you can see it. It is commonly grown as a houseplant.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Fern

Size
Size
0.23 - 1.7 ft tall
2 ft wide

Form
Form
Upright, Fountain

Growth Rate
Growth Rate
Moderate

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen, Summer Semi-Deciduous

Fragrance
Fragrance
None

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Summer

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Shade, Part Shade

Moisture
Moisture
Moderate - High

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Ease of Care
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 25° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Medium

Soil Description
Soil Description
Tolerates clay but does best in moist loamy soil. Soil PH: 4.0 - 8.0

Common uses
Common uses
Groundcovers, Deer Resistant

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Trees - Oaks (Quercus species), Cottonwood (Populus species), Ponderosa Pine, California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera)

Other shade plants - Deer Fern (Blechnum spicant), Horsetail (Equisetum species), Polypody Fern (Polypodium species), Sword Fern (Polystichum species), Chain Fern (Woodwardia fimbriata), Meadow Rue (Thalicturm species), Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii), Western Columbine (Aquilegia formosa), Monkeyflower (Mimulus cardinalis or guttatus)

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Rocky streambanks, springs, seeps, and other moist but not saturated areas, usually with part shade or full shade

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 3.7" - 92.4", Summer Precipitation: 0.14" - 3.12", Coldest Month: 32.3" - 60.7", Hottest Month: 57.5" - 87.8", Humidity: 0.78" - 40.33", Elevation: 3" - 7419"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Common Maidenhair Fern, Southern Maiden-hair, Venus Hair, Venus-hair Fern


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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