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Red Sand Verbena
Abronia maritima
  
About Red Sand Verbena (Abronia maritima) 8 Nurseries Carry This Plant Red Sand Verbena (Abronia maritima) is a species of sand verbena known by the common name red sand verbena. This is a beach-adapted perennial. Plant native to the coastlines of southern California, including the Channel Islands, and northern Baja California. It grows along stable sand dunes near, but not in the ocean surf. This salt-tolerant plant requires saline water which it receives mostly in the form of sea spray, and cannot tolerate fresh water or prolonged dry conditions. Its succulent tissues are adapted to isolate and store salt. This sand verbena forms a green mat along the ground, its stems sometimes buried under loose sand. It flowers year-round in bright red to pink or purplish clusters of flowers. The mats are thick and provide shelter for a variety of small beach-dwelling animals. This is a rare plant. Its habitat is located in heavily-traveled beach areas, where it is disturbed by human activity.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Plant Type
Perennial Herb

Size
Size
4.8 in tall
1.6 - 6.4 ft wide

Form
Form
Spreading

Dormancy
Dormancy
Evergreen

Flower Color
Flower Color
Pink, Purple, Red

Flowering Season
Flowering Season
Winter, Spring, Summer, Fall

Wildlife Supported
 
Butterflies

 
Butterflies & moths hosted ( 1 confirmed , 3 likely * ) SHOW ALL
Lithariapteryx abroniaeella Image
Lithariapteryx abroniaeellaLithariapteryx abroniaeella
*
Euphyia implicata Image
Euphyia implicataEuphyia implicata

Landscaping Information
Sun
Sun
Full Sun

Moisture
Moisture
Low

Summer Irrigation
Summer Irrigation
Max 1x / month once established

Nurseries
Nurseries

Cold Tolerance
Cold Tolerance
Tolerates cold to 30° F

Soil Drainage
Soil Drainage
Fast

Soil Description
Soil Description
Prefers beach sand. Tolerates Saline Soil. Soil PH: 5 - 7

Common uses
Common uses
Bee Gardens

Companion Plants
Companion Plants
Plant with other dune wildflowers and shrubs such as Dune Bush Lupine (Lupinus chamissonis), Seaside Woolly Sunflower (Eriophyllum staechadifolium), Sand-loving Wallflower (Erysimum ammophilum), Sandcarpet (Cardionema ramosissimum), and Coastal Buckbrush (Ceanothus cuneatus var. ramulosus).

Propagation
Propagation?
For propagating by seed: No treatment. (Emery and Frey 1971). Collect seeds from seed heads after they have dried on the plant. Sow directly in the sand after in Fall or after last frost.

Sunset Zones
Sunset Zones?
17*, 24*

Natural Setting
Site Type
Site Type
Sand dunes along the coast.

Climate
Climate
Annual Precipitation: 7.9" - 49.3", Summer Precipitation: 0.15" - 0.97", Coldest Month: 41.4" - 57.5", Hottest Month: 58.4" - 78.0", Humidity: 0.42" - 23.71", Elevation: -154" - 1687"

Alternative Names
Common Names: Red Sand-verbena, Sticky Sand-verbena


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora


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