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Verbena bracteata
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Bracted Vervain
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Verbena bracteata

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About Bracted Vervain (Verbena bracteata) Verbena bracteata is a species of verbena known by the common names bracted vervain, bigbract verbena, prostrate vervain, and carpet vervain. It is native to North America where it is widespread, occurring throughout the continent except for northern Canada and southern Mexico. It occurs in many types of habitat, especially disturbed areas, where it grows as a common weed; it typically blooms between the months of May and October. This annual or biennial herb produces several hairy, spreading stems up to 30 centimeters long forming a low mat on the ground. The hairy leaves are toothed or lobed. The inflorescence is a spike of flowers which is dense with long, pointed, leaflike bracts each up to 8 millimeters long. Each small tubular flower is about half a centimeter wide and white to pale purple in color.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Flower Color

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
-9' - 6959'

Annual Precip. ?
2.6" - 39.9"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 2.62"

Coldest Month ?
31.8° F - 59.6° F

Hottest Month ?
61.9° F - 88.1° F

Humidity ?
0.82 vpd - 40.92 vpd

Landscaping Information
Common uses
Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Prostrate Vervain, Carpet Vervain, Bigbract Verbena

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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